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Landrisker

Landrisker hjälper er att bedöma om det är behövligt att ställa krav på tillbörlig aktsamhet för hållbara leveranskedjor och leverantörer att identifiera riskleverantörer. I båda fallen behöver ni också ta hänsyn till andra omständigheter, som typ av verksamhet.

Inledning

Sammanställning av index

Adda Inköpscentrals landrisker bygger på Worldwide Governance Indicators, Global Rights Index*, Environmental Performance Index och Corruption Perception Index.

 

Sammanställningen omfattar mänskliga rättigheter, arbetares rättigheter, miljön och affärsetik. Många leverantörer använder amfori BSCI Countries Risk Classification, vilket motsvarar Worldwide Governance Indicators. Det är inget krav att använda Addas landrisker. De ska ses som ett stöd till dem som inte har tillgång till sammanställda landrisker.

Låg poäng innebär att riskerna är höga.

  • Then you carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is performed and what type of actor in the chain performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the countries in question where the work is carried out, i.e. both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point di process requirement 2 )

Värdena uppdateras regelbundet under året när nya siffror släpps. Den senaste uppdateringen gjordes i oktober 2023.

* Global Rights Index skala är 1 till 5+ men är konverterad till 1 = 90, 2 = 70, 3 = 50, 4 = 30, 5 = 10 och 5+ = 5.

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