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Grunden för uppförandekoden

Här finns information om de konventioner, deklarationer och rekommendationer som ligger till grund för uppförandekoden.

Inledning

Inledning

Uppförandekoden syftar till att säkerställa att leverantörer fullgör kontrakt i enlighet med mänskliga rättigheter, arbetares rättigheter, miljön och affärsetik (hållbara leveranskedjor).

 

Åtagandena gäller för all verksamhet med anknytning till det som anskaffas

Mänskliga rättigheter

Mänskliga rättigheter

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

Alla internationellt erkända mänskliga rättigheter, så som de uttrycks i FN:s allmänna förklaring om de mänskliga rättigheterna, den internationella konventionen om medborgerliga och politiska rättigheter, den internationella konventionen om ekonomiska, sociala och kulturella rättigheter samt ILO:s deklaration om grundläggande principer och rättigheter i arbetslivet, ska respekteras.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )
Mänskliga rättigheter
Arbetares rättigheter

Arbetares rättigheter

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

2.1 Föreningsfriheten och rätten till kollektiva förhandlingar respekteras

 

a) Arbetstagare, utan åtskillnad, har rätt att gå med i eller bilda fackföreningar efter eget val samt att förhandla kollektivt.

b) Arbetsgivare intar en öppen inställning till fackföreningars aktiviteter och deras organisatoriska verksamhet.

c) Arbetstagarrepresentanter diskrimineras inte och har möjlighet att utföra sina representativa funktioner på arbetsplatsen.

d) Där rätten till föreningsfrihet och kollektiva förhandlingar är begränsad enligt lag underlättar och hindrar inte arbetsgivare utvecklingen av parallella medel för oberoende och fri förening samt förhandlingar.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

2.2 Anställningen är fritt vald

 

a) Det finns inget tvångsarbete, träldom eller ofrivilligt fängelsearbete.

b) Arbetstagare är inte skyldiga att lämna ”depositioner" eller sina identitetshandlingar hos sin arbetsgivare och är fria att lämna sin arbetsgivare efter rimlig uppsägningstid.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )
Mänskliga rättigheter

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

2.3 Barnarbete får inte användas

 

a) Det får inte förekomma någon nyrekrytering av barnarbete. Barnarbete är varje form av aktivitet eller arbete som är skadligt för den intellektuella, fysiska, sociala och moraliska utvecklingen hos personer under 18 år och som undergräver deras utbildning, hindrar dem från att gå i skolan, tvingar dem att överge skolgången för tidigt eller kräver att de arbetar och studerar samtidigt.

b) Arbetsgivaren utvecklar eller deltar i och bidrar till policyer och program som föreskriver transition av varje barn som befinns utföra barnarbete, för att göra det möjligt för honom eller henne att delta i och förbli i utbildning tills han eller hon inte längre är ett barn.

c) En arbetstagare under 18 år kan dock ha rätt att arbeta om han eller hon uppfyller ålderskraven för den aktuella typen av arbete:

  • För allmänt arbete är minimiåldern 15 år.

  • För icke-farligt arbete får minimiåldern tillfälligt fastställas till 14 år i länder där skolavslutningsåldern är lägre än 15 år.

d) Personer under 18 år får inte vara anställda nattetid eller under farliga förhållanden.

Arbetares rättigheter
  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

2.4 Ingen diskriminering utövas och ingen omänsklig behandling är tillåten

 

a) Det finns ingen diskriminering vid anställning, ersättning, tillgång till utbildning, befordran, uppsägning eller pensionering på grund av ras, kast, nationellt ursprung, religion, ålder, funktionshinder, kön, civilstånd, sexuell läggning, fackligt medlemskap eller politisk tillhörighet.

b) Fysiska övergrepp eller disciplin, hot om fysiska övergrepp, sexuella eller andra trakasserier och verbala övergrepp eller andra former av hot ska vara förbjudna.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

2.5 Arbetsförhållandena är säkra och hygieniska

 

a) En säker och hygienisk arbetsmiljö ska tillhandahållas, med beaktande av kunskapen om branschen och om eventuella särskilda faror. Lämpliga åtgärder ska vidtas för att förebygga olyckor och hälsoskador som uppstår till följd av, har samband med eller inträffar i arbetet, genom att så långt det är praktiskt möjligt minimera orsakerna till de faror som är förenade med arbetsmiljön.

b) Arbetstagare ska få regelbunden och registrerad hälso- och säkerhetsutbildning, och sådan utbildning ska upprepas för nya eller omplacerade arbetstagare.

c) Tillgång till rena toaletter och dricksvatten samt i förekommande fall sanitära anordningar för lagring av livsmedel ska tillhandahållas.

d) Inkvartering, om sådan tillhandahålls, ska vara ren, säker och tillgodose arbetstagarnas grundläggande behov.

e) Ansvaret för hälsa och säkerhet ska tilldelas en företrädare för den högsta ledningen.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

2.6 Levnadslöner främjas

 

a) Löner och förmåner som betalas ut för en normal arbetsvecka uppfyller åtminstone nationella rättsliga standarder eller branschriktmärkesstandarder, beroende på vilken som är högst. Under alla omständigheter bör lönerna alltid vara tillräckliga för att tillgodose grundläggande behov och för att ge viss diskretionär inkomst.

b) Alla arbetstagare ska få skriftlig och begriplig information om sina anställningsvillkor avseende lön innan de börjar arbeta och om löneuppgifterna för den berörda löneperioden varje gång de får betalt.

c) Löneavdrag som en disciplinär åtgärd ska inte tillåtas och inte heller ska avdrag från löner som inte föreskrivs i nationell lagstiftning tillåtas utan den berörda arbetstagarens uttryckliga tillstånd. Alla disciplinära åtgärder bör registreras.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

2.7 Arbetstiden är inte oskälig

 

a) Arbetstiden ska följa nationella lagar, kollektivavtal och bestämmelserna i b till f nedan, beroende på vilket som ger det större skyddet för arbetstagare.

b) Arbetstiden, exklusive övertid, ska fastställas i avtal och får inte överstiga 48 timmar per vecka. 

c) All övertid ska vara frivillig. Övertid ska användas på ett ansvarsfullt sätt, med beaktande av omfattning, frekvens och arbetade timmar för enskilda arbetstagare och arbetskraften som helhet. Den får inte användas för att ersätta reguljär anställning. Övertid ska alltid kompenseras med en premie som rekommenderas vara minst 125 % av den ordinarie lönen.

d) Det totala antalet arbetade timmar under en sjudagarsperiod får inte överstiga 60 timmar, utom när det omfattas av punkt e nedan.

e) Arbetstiden får överstiga 60 timmar under en sjudagarsperiod endast i undantagsfall om samtliga följande villkor är uppfyllda:

  • detta är tillåtet enligt nationell lagstiftning;

  • detta är tillåtet enligt ett kollektivavtal som fritt förhandlats fram med en arbetstagarorganisation som representerar en betydande del av arbetskraften;  

  • lämpliga skyddsåtgärder vidtas för att skydda arbetstagarnas hälsa och säkerhet;

  • arbetsgivaren kan visa att exceptionella omständigheter föreligger, såsom oväntade produktionstoppar, olyckor eller nödsituationer.

f) Arbetstagarna ska ges minst en ledig dag under varje sjudagarsperiod eller, om det är tillåtet enligt nationell lagstiftning, två dagar ledigt under varje 14-dagarsperiod.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

 

2.8 Reguljär anställning tillhandahålls

 

a) I största möjliga utsträckning ska det arbete som utförs ske på grundval av ett erkänt anställningsförhållande som etablerats genom nationell lagstiftning och praxis.

b) Skyldigheter gentemot arbetstagare enligt lagar och andra författningar om arbete eller social trygghet som följer av det reguljära anställningsförhållandet ska inte undvikas genom användning av ”labour-only contracting”, underleverantörer eller hemarbete, eller genom lärlingssystem där det inte finns någon verklig avsikt att förmedla färdigheter eller tillhandahålla reguljär anställning. Inte heller ska sådana skyldigheter undvikas genom överanvändning av tidsbegränsade anställningskontrakt.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )
Miljön

Miljön

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

3.1 Klimat- och miljöpåverkan

 

a) Nationell miljölagstiftning följs.

b) Klimatåtgärder som bidrar till att uppnå nationella och internationella klimatmål främjas.

c) Användningen av jungfruliga råvaror minskas genom kontinuerlig optimering av råvaruanvändningen, ökad återvinning och återanvändning av råmaterial, minimering av avfall och genom erbjudanden och lösningar i linje med en cirkulär ekonomi.

d) Inga råvaror används från arter som är listade i CITES eller som akut hotade, hotade eller sårbara på IUCN:s rödlista över hotade arter.

e) Kemikalieanvändningen kontrolleras eller utvärderas. Där så är tillämpligt utförs substitution och/eller implementering av alternativa processer, för att minska farorna för hälsa och miljö och förbättra resurseffektiviteten.

f) Avfall lagras, hanteras, transporteras och bortskaffas på ett sätt som skyddar arbetstagares hälsa, personer i omgivande samhällen och miljön.

g) Strategier för effektiv vattenanvändning främjas där så är tillämpligt.

h) Utsläpp som utgör en fara för hälsa och miljö minskas eller elimineras.

 

3.2 Miljörättigheter

 

a) Alla folk har rätt till självbestämmande och att fritt förfoga över sina naturrikedomar och naturresurser. Ett folk får inte i något fall berövas sina möjligheter till försörjning.

b) Olovlig avhysning eller övertagande av mark, skog eller vatten får inte förekomma.

c) Ursprungsbefolkningars rätt till mark, territorier och naturresurser som de traditionellt har ägt, ockuperat eller på annat sätt använt eller förvärvat respekteras, inklusive rätten till fritt och informerat förhandssamtycke.

d) Rätten till en säker, ren, hälsosam och hållbar miljö respekteras. Denna rättighet är en integrerad del av det fulla åtnjutandet av rätten till liv, hälsa, mat, vatten och sanitet.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )
Affärsetik

Affärsetik

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

 

4.1 Korruption, konkurrensbegränsande beteende och beskattning

a) Ingen inblandning i mutbrott, förskingring, handel med inflytande, missbruk av tjänsteställning, olagligt berikande, tvätt av vinning av brott, häleri eller hindrande av rättvisan förekommer.  

b) Inga avtal ingås som syftar till att snedvrida konkurrensen eller missbruka en dominerande ställning.  

c) Skatteupplägg avstås om det är osäkert om arrangemanget ligger inom lagens ram. Detsamma gäller skatteplanering som utnyttjar brister i skatteregler för att på konstgjord väg flytta vinster till länder med låg eller ingen skatt.

d) Arbetstagare får regelbunden och registrerad utbildning i affärsetik, och sådan utbildning ska upprepas för nya eller omplacerade arbetstagare.

  • How to carry out a risk analysis
    Step 1: Mapping the supply chain The first step in a risk analysis consists of mapping the supply chain to find out its structure. This includes identifying in which countries the work is carried out, and if possible also in which regions. This is particularly relevant if the work is carried out in any region known to have high risks. Within certain industries such as food, textiles and IT there is a lot of information. For other industries such as pharmaceuticals, however, transparency is low. To obtain this information, you can ask the category manager, the category councils, ask questions of suppliers, find out import data, read audit reports and market analyzes for specific industries. It is also important to identify what type of work is carried out and what type of actors in the supply chain that performs it. Is it, for example, an industry characterized by low wages and health-hazardous processes? Does the workforce consist of migrant workers or seasonal workers? Is the supply chain complex with many subcontractors and a lack of transparency? This type of information is important as both geographical risks, industry risks and product risks need to be taken into account. Step 2: Gather information from credible and independent sources Once you have mapped the origin and the supply chain, the next step is to gather information about the situation of human rights, workers' rights, the environment and business ethics in the relevant countries where the work is carried out, that is, both for final manufacturing, component manufacturing and raw materials. For this you need to turn to credible and independent sources such as international organizations, authorities, voluntary and civil society organizations and global trade unions. Sources Step 3: Identify and assess negative impacts The last step involves assessing the actual and potential negative impact the supply chain is associated with, based on the information that has been compiled in steps 1 and 2. This is to be able to determine which concrete measures need to be taken to manage the risks. Often several risks have been identified and to prioritize them you need to make a seriousness assessment. The most significant risks are prioritized based on probability and seriousness ( read more under point d in process requirement 2 )

Utdrag ur uppförandekoden

Tvångsarbete, barnarbete, arbetsförhållanden som medför fara för liv, allvarlig miljöskada, storskalig korruption och attacker på miljö- och människorättsförsvarare är allvarliga avvikelser.

 

Allvarlig miljöskada definieras som skada som orsakas av förorenande verksamhet som har en allvarlig negativ påverkan på människor, vattenområden eller grundvatten, arter och livsmiljöer.

 

Storskalig korruption definieras som inblandning i mutbrott, förskingring, handel med inflytande, missbruk av tjänsteställning, olagligt berikande, tvätt av vinning av brott, häleri eller hindrande av rättvisan:

 

a) som en del av ett upplägg som involverar en offentlig tjänsteman på hög nivå, och

b) som leder till eller är avsett att leda till:

  • en grov undandräkt av offentliga medel eller resurser, eller

  • allvarliga eller systematiska kränkningar av de mänskliga rättigheterna för en betydande del av befolkningen eller en sårbar grupp.

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